Colonial Sydney Town

The British colony of New South Wales was established with the arrival of the First Fleet of 11 vessels under the command of Captain Arthur Phillip in January 1788. It consisted of over a thousand settlers, including 778 convicts (192 women and 586 men). A few days after arrival at Botany Bay the fleet moved to the more suitable Port Jackson where a settlement was established at Sydney Cove on 26 January 1788.
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Sydney Cove from the new Circular Quay looking North. 1844

Sydney Cove from the new Circular Quay looking North. 1844

Sydney Town Hall, on George Street, as it appeared in the early 1900s with St. Andrew's Cathedral to the left.

Sydney Town Hall, on George Street, as it appeared in the early 1900s with St. Andrew's Cathedral to the left.

The Queen Victoria Building on York Street, looking toward the Sydney Town Hall, c.1900.

The Queen Victoria Building on York Street, looking toward the Sydney Town Hall, c.1900.

King Street cable trams.

King Street cable trams.

Picnic at Mrs Macquarie's Chair, 1855

Picnic at Mrs Macquarie's Chair, 1855

Sydney Cove, 1820's.

Sydney Cove, 1820's.

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