Convict tokens -- smoothing and engraving a coin with a message of affection was one of the few ways a convict transported to Australia could leave a memento behind with loved ones in England. These small tokens are also known as 'leaden hearts'. They record personal and emotional responses from convicts whose lives are more often represented by official government records. ref site for details on these coins and others
There were eleven ships in the First Fleet. They were all small ships that included two naval ships, six convict ships and three storeships for supplies. This is a picture of the flagship Sirius, which carried Captain Aurthur Philip first govermor of NSW. It was wrecked off Norfolk Island in 1790 and its wreck was given National Heritage status in 2011.
FREE SAMPLE UNIT - A-Z of Convicts of Van Diemen’s Land Author: Simon Banard Themes: Convicts, Transportation, British colonisation and settlement Years: Australian Curriculum: English Years 4 and 5; History Years 4 and 5; Geography Year 4 (NSW Stage 2 and Stage 3) Codes: AC – Australian Curriculum: English. History EN – NSW English syllabus for AC HT – NSW History Unit writer: Amanda Worlley
Tips for researching convicts - early life and voyage to Australia. (image: "A Fleet of Transports under Convoy" / mezzotint print published by Carrington Bowles http://acms.sl.nsw.gov.au/item/itemDetailPaged.aspx?itemID=153543
Arthur Phillip by Francis Wheatley Date painted: 1786 Oil on canvas, 90.2 x 69.2 cm Collection: National Portrait Gallery, London - Phillip spent his whole career in the Navy, as an officer and as a naval spy. After many campaigns and expeditions, he landed in Australia at Port Jackson in January 1788 where he founded the first convict settlement, which later became the city of Sydney.