Horace Dalton - Aboriginal soldier officially recognised 50 years after his death... www.cas.awm.gov.au/item/P00889.003 www.abc.net.au/news/2012-09-29/aboriginal-soldier-officially-recognised-50-years/4287722
Miller Mack, one of 1st Indigenous Australians to serve in WWI Indigenous Australians not allowed to sign up (they were not legally allowed to wear Australian military uniform until 1949, when they officially became citizens). Many managed to circumvent restrictions - claimed Maori or Indian ancestry in order to do so. As many as 1,000 served in the war. At least 11 Aboriginal men were killed at Gallipoli 21 survived the campaign.
Australia was unique in WWI & WWII in that there was no segregation of units. Once a soldier was fit to fight his colour did not matter. This post card shows 2 troopers from the prestigous 9th Light Horse Regiment in France.
Studio portrait of 4259 Private (Pte) George Combo, an Aboriginal serviceman from Mogil Mogil, near Collarenebri, NSW, who enlisted on 21 May 1916. P00889.002 | Australian War Memorial
Unfortunately, this didn’t result in improved treatment in Australian society as a whole. | 18 Powerful Photos Of The Forgotten Indigenous Soldiers Of World War I
Portrait of 2428 Trooper (Tpr) Frank Fisher, an Aboriginal serviceman who was born at Claremont, Qld, but at the time of his enlistment was living with his second wife Esme, and three children from his first marriage, at the Barambah Settlement, Qld (renamed Cherbourg Aboriginal Settlement in 1931). Tpr Fisher enlisted in Brisbane on 16 August 1917 in the 28 Reinforcements to 11th Light Horse Regiment and embarked in Sydney on the troopship Ulysses (A38) on 19 December 1917.
Studio portrait of Aboriginal serviceman, 5243 Private (Pte) George Alexander Terrick, 16th Reinforcements, 14th Battalion, of Healesville, Victoria DA13883 | Australian War Memorial
Portrait of 11272 Private Gilbert Williams who was born at Gonelie, NSW, and who enlisted in the 20th Reinforcements to the 3rd Light Horse Regiment on 3 April 1917. He was discharged at the Mitcham Camp, SA on 4 September 1917, "having been found medically unfit for further service (not due to misconduct)". (This quote is from his service file held at the National Archives of Australia) His family claim he was discharged because he was black.
Grafton, NSW. c. 1917-11. Studio portrait of 3662 Private Harold Arthur Cowan, an Aboriginal Australian soldier in 6th Light Horse Regiment (LHR), his cousin Hazel Williams and her baby sister (name unknown). Cowan (also known as Arthur Williams) enlisted at Grafton on 1917-11-16. In his youth Cowan was an all round sportsman, a representative for the North Coast in football, and a well known boxer.
Studio portrait of 2436 Private (Pte) Harry C Murray, 11th Light Horse Regiment. Pte Murray of Taroom, Qld, worked as a stock and station hand prior to enlisting on 2 June 1917. He embarked for service overseas with the 11th Light Horse Regiment, 20th Reinforcements aboard HMAT Ulysses (A38) from Sydney on 19 December 1917. After undergoing training at the Australian Light Horse Remount Unit at Moascar, Pte Murray joined the 11th Light Horse Regiment at Belah, Palestine, on 9 March 1918.
Aboriginal land was confiscated to be given to ex-servicemen as part of the “soldier settlement” scheme.
Private Harry C Murray of the 11th Light Horse Regiment left Australia in December 1917 and returned home July 1919.
Pvt Richard Martin... Said he was Maori descent to allow himself to join the 1st A.I.F., as Aboriginal people were not permitted to join up in the early days of WW1
WWI: Charles Blackman, an Aboriginal Australian soldier - "Once recruited into the AIF, Indigenous Australians tended to experience less discrimination than they would have within Australian society. They received equal pay, and were generally treated as equals by the other men."
Australian soldiers in trenches at Gallipoli, 1915 by thompsoe, via Flickr
Alec Campbell was another Australian boy who lied about his age. He enlisted as a 16-year-old.
Studio portrait of 2919 Private (Pte) Alfred John Henry (Alf) Lovett, of Hamilton, Vic, an Aboriginal serviceman, with his wife Sarah and two sons. A rifle is propped up against Mrs Lovett's leg. Pte Lovett ,a member of the 6th Reinforcements of the 26th Battalion, embarked from Melbourne on 27 October 1915 aboard HMAT Ulysess. He later transferred to the 12th Battalion and returned to Australia on 10 March 1918.
newly-discovered photos of Australian soldiers during World War I
Australian troops in the Turkish Lone Pine trenches, a link to a page that provides an overview and extensive links to more specific material at https://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/ww1.asp
Australian soldiers in Gallipoli 1915. Sitting proudly in the middle is an Indigenous Australian.