There were eleven ships in the First Fleet. They were all small ships that included two naval ships, six convict ships and three storeships for supplies. This is a picture of the flagship Sirius, which carried Captain Aurthur Philip first govermor of NSW. It was wrecked off Norfolk Island in 1790 and its wreck was given National Heritage status in 2011.

The wreck of a First Fleet ship which once carried Governor Phillip has been given National Heritage status.

Isolation cell c.1870. This structure was recovered from the Blacksmith's Shop at Kew Asylum, Victoria, Australia. The cell shows evidence of shelves and nails and is believed to have once been used as a storage cupboard within the asylum's Blacksmith's Shop during the 1930's. We now believe that at some stage the cabinet was used as an isolation cell. It is only just large enough for one person to stand in.The internal and external walls are heavily scratched. Collection: Museum Victoria

Source: Museum Victoria Isolation Cell - Kew Asylum, Wood, circa 1870 Summary: Isolation cell (also known as an isolation chamber) circa This structure was recovered by Dr Charles Brothers from.

The Convict System - between 1788 and 1868, 165,000 convicts were transported to Australia.

Convicts" Letter writing at Cockatoo Island N. "Canary Birds" by Philip Doyne Vigors 1849

Port Arthur Historic Convict Settlement, Tasmania, Australia | Flickr - Photo Sharing!  "The Port Arthur penal settlement began life as a small timber station in 1830. Originally designed as a replacement for the recently closed timber camp at Birches Bay, Port Arthur quickly grew in importance within the penal system of the colonies."  Port Arthur http://www.portarthur.org.au/index.aspx?id=12731

Port Arthur Historic Convict Settlement, Tasmania, Australia | Flickr - Photo Sharing! "The Port Arthur penal settlement began life as a small timber station in 1830. Originally designed as a replacement for the recently closed timber camp at Birches Bay, Port Arthur quickly grew in importance within the penal system of the colonies." Port Arthur http://www.portarthur.org.au/index.aspx?id=12731

Reads.."Female convicts made up a substantial part of prisioners deported to the penal colony of New South Wales"..Wild Geese Heritage Museum and Library, Ireland

"Female convicts made up a substantial part of prisioners deported to the penal colony of New South Wales".Wild Geese Heritage Museum and Library, Ireland

This blue and white stripped Indian cotton shirt was excavated from under the floorboards on level three of the Hyde Park Barracks, apparently near the staircase during restoration in 1980. The shirt is the only known intact example of the most common garment issued to convicts in their thousands.

Hyde Park Barracks convict shirt - Front view of shirt. Photo: Alex Kershaw Date range: 1840 - 1848 Place of origin: Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Female Factory in South Hobart, Tasmania. Governor George Arthur purchased the site at Cascades for the female factory in 1827 from the owner of a failed distillery, TY Lowes. The factory's first intake of female prisoners was in December 1828, from the prisoners at Hobart Town Female Factory. It gradually expanded to hold 700 female convicts and their children, though at its peak it was even more overcrowded than usual, holding 1,200 women and children.

Female Factory in South Hobart, Tasmania. Governor George Arthur purchased the site at Cascades for the female factory in 1827 from the owner of a failed distillery, TY Lowes. The factory's first intake of female prisoners was in December 1828, from the prisoners at Hobart Town Female Factory. It gradually expanded to hold 700 female convicts and their children, though at its peak it was even more overcrowded than usual, holding 1,200 women and children.

Solitary cell at the Coal Mines near Port Arthur, Tasmania ( by Erika Trenham)

Solitary cell at the Coal Mines near Port Arthur, Tasmania ( by Erika Trenham)

mickjansen.com.au USERIMAGES Cascade's%20Female%20Factory%20Hobart.jpg

mickjansen.com.au USERIMAGES Cascade's%20Female%20Factory%20Hobart.jpg

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