Admiral Arthur Phillip (1738 - 1814) was the first Governor of New South Wales, and founder of the settlement which became Sydney. Phillip sailed with the First Fleet, as Governor-designate of the proposed British penal colony of New South Wales. In February 1788, he selected its location to be Port Jackson (now Sydney Harbour)
There were eleven ships in the First Fleet. They were all small ships that included two naval ships, six convict ships and three storeships for supplies. This is a picture of the flagship Sirius, which carried Captain Aurthur Philip first govermor of NSW. It was wrecked off Norfolk Island in 1790 and its wreck was given National Heritage status in 2011.
HMS Sirius, the main Naval ship with the First Fleet, under Captain John Hunter RN. Had been built in 1780 as Berwick for the East Indies run, badly burned in a fire, and rebuilt by Navy, renamed Sirius, finally wrecked off Norfolk Island on the 14th. of April 1790
AUSTRALIA - The First Fleet departed Portsmouth, England 225 years ago on 13th May to establish a penal colony in Australia. The First Fleet consists of 11 ships led by Captain Arthur Phillip and carried 1044 persons. See full notice at https://www.publicnoticeonline.com/notice.php?nid=1788
Tips for researching convicts - early life and voyage to Australia. (image: "A Fleet of Transports under Convoy" / mezzotint print published by Carrington Bowles http://acms.sl.nsw.gov.au/item/itemDetailPaged.aspx?itemID=153543
Arrival of the First Fleet in Australia The first known landing in Australia by Europeans was by Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon in 1606. Other Dutch navigators explored the western and southern coasts in the 17th century, and dubbed the continent “New Holland.” Other European explorers followed until, in 1770, James Cook charted the East Coast of Australia for Britain and returned with recommendation to establish a colony at Botany Bay (Sydney), New South Wales