Australia - Federation to Today
The Federation of Australia involved the 6 self-colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia forming one nation. They kept their systems of government but agreed to a federal government responsible for matters concerning the whole nation. The Constitution of Australia came into force on 1 January 1901. Sir Henry Parkes, Premier of New South Wales, was instrumental in the process. Sir Edmund Barton was elected as the inaugural Prime Minister.
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