Australia - Settlement to Federation

The colony of New South Wales was established with the arrival of the First Fleet of 11 vessels in 1788 under Captain Arthur Phillip. There were over 1000 settlers including 778 convicts. The fleet moved to Port Jackson on 26 January - “Australia Day”. By 1868, over 160,000 convicts had been sent to New South Wales, Van Diemen's land and Western Australia. Separate colonies were created - South Australia in 1836, Victoria in 1851, Queensland in 1859 and the Northern Territory in 1863.
Port Arthur Historic Convict Settlement, Tasmania, Australia | Flickr - Photo Sharing!  "The Port Arthur penal settlement began life as a small timber station in 1830. Originally designed as a replacement for the recently closed timber camp at Birches Bay, Port Arthur quickly grew in importance within the penal system of the colonies."  Port Arthur http://www.portarthur.org.au/index.aspx?id=12731

Port Arthur Historic Convict Settlement, Tasmania, Australia | Flickr - Photo Sharing! "The Port Arthur penal settlement began life as a small timber station in 1830. Originally designed as a replacement for the recently closed timber camp at Birches Bay, Port Arthur quickly grew in importance within the penal system of the colonies." Port Arthur http://www.portarthur.org.au/index.aspx?id=12731

1830-49 convict uniform. This image is attached to a great article describing the side seams being buttoned not stitched so the convict could dress without removing the leg irons.

1830-49 convict uniform. This image is attached to a great article describing the side seams being buttoned not stitched so the convict could dress without removing the leg irons.

Prince Albert Road Bridge bridge over the Murrumbidgee River at Gundagai, NSW,   c 1886.   National Library of Australia

Prince Albert Road Bridge bridge over the Murrumbidgee River at Gundagai, NSW, c 1886. National Library of Australia

Major-General Sir George Arthur (1784-1854) was born in Plymouth, Devon, England. He was Lt Governor of BritishHonduras (1814-22), VanDiemen's Land (now the State of Tasmania, part of Australia) (1823-37) and Upper Canada (1838-41). He also served as Gov of Bombay (1842-46).

Major-General Sir George Arthur (1784-1854) was born in Plymouth, Devon, England. He was Lt Governor of BritishHonduras (1814-22), VanDiemen's Land (now the State of Tasmania, part of Australia) (1823-37) and Upper Canada (1838-41). He also served as Gov of Bombay (1842-46).

Sir George Bowen. First Governor of Queensland. 1870s.

Sir George Bowen. First Governor of Queensland. 1870s.

Pinterest
Search