Australia - Settlement to Federation
The colony of New South Wales was established with the arrival of the First Fleet of 11 vessels in 1788 under Captain Arthur Phillip. There were over 1000 settlers including 778 convicts. The fleet moved to Port Jackson on 26 January - “Australia Day”. By 1868, over 160,000 convicts had been sent to New South Wales, Van Diemen's land and Western Australia. Separate colonies were created - South Australia in 1836, Victoria in 1851, Queensland in 1859 and the Northern Territory in 1863.