Australian Federation Architecture

In 1901, the "Commonwealth of Australia" was proclaimed. A nationalistic building style emerged around the turn of the century, and has become known as the Federation period of architecture (about 1888 to 1918). The Federation house incorporates Queen Anne, Art Nouveau & American Shingle styles; elaborate timberwork; red bricks usually tuckpointed; Marseilles tiled roofs; terracotta ornaments; gables; verandahs; stained-glass leadlight windows and decorative internal & external tilework.
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Australian birds are featured in leadlight windows.

Australian birds are featured in leadlight windows.

Langley Hall in Bendigo. Built in 1904 for Bishop Langley,  Bendigo's first bishop.  Currently  is a Bed & Breakfast.

Langley Hall in Bendigo. Built in 1904 for Bishop Langley, Bendigo's first bishop. Currently is a Bed & Breakfast.

Federation Queen Anne in Melbourne.

Federation Queen Anne in Melbourne.

Queen Anne Federation style in Bathurst NSW

Queen Anne Federation style in Bathurst NSW

Sydney, built in 1885, "Caerleon" is the first Queen Anne style house in Australia.

Sydney, built in 1885, "Caerleon" is the first Queen Anne style house in Australia.

Federation Queen Anne in Melbourne. Note the ridge-capping representing the dragon (finial) appendage.

Federation Queen Anne in Melbourne. Note the ridge-capping representing the dragon (finial) appendage.

Interior decor - friezes featuring Australian fauna

Interior decor - friezes featuring Australian fauna

The former post office, Walhalla, Victoria.

The former post office, Walhalla, Victoria.


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Sydney, built in 1885, "Caerleon" is the first Queen Anne style house in Australia.

Sydney, built in 1885, "Caerleon" is the first Queen Anne style house in Australia.

Langley Hall in Bendigo. Built in 1904 for Bishop Langley,  Bendigo's first bishop.  Currently  is a Bed & Breakfast.

Langley Hall in Bendigo. Built in 1904 for Bishop Langley, Bendigo's first bishop. Currently is a Bed & Breakfast.

Federation Queen Anne in Melbourne.

Federation Queen Anne in Melbourne.

Federation Queen Anne in Melbourne. Note the ridge-capping representing the dragon (finial) appendage.

Federation Queen Anne in Melbourne. Note the ridge-capping representing the dragon (finial) appendage.

Australian birds are featured in leadlight windows.

Australian birds are featured in leadlight windows.

This beautiful Edwardian era, Queen Anne styled mansion, originally known as Homerton House, is located in the elite Melbourne suburb of South Yarra. Built in 1906, the red brick building features a prominent slate roofed tower with iron finial.

This beautiful Edwardian era, Queen Anne styled mansion, originally known as Homerton House, is located in the elite Melbourne suburb of South Yarra. Built in 1906, the red brick building features a prominent slate roofed tower with iron finial.

York Hotel in Kalgoorlie, Western Australia.  1990's photo. Read info under other photo of York Hotel.

York Hotel in Kalgoorlie, Western Australia. 1990's photo. Read info under other photo of York Hotel.

Art Nouveau timberwork, Fed house in St.Kilda, Melbourne.

Art Nouveau timberwork, Fed house in St.Kilda, Melbourne.

In Kew, Melbourne, this grand home was built in 1900 for businessman William Gibson. Designed by Ussher & Kemp, partnership est, 1899.

In Kew, Melbourne, this grand home was built in 1900 for businessman William Gibson. Designed by Ussher & Kemp, partnership est, 1899.

Art Nouveau decorative curves. Built in 1899. Sydney.

Art Nouveau decorative curves. Built in 1899. Sydney.

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