Convicts being transported To Australia. Australia became the politically expedient safety valve for Britain's overpopulated jails. These were fit to burst after American colonies slammed the door on British deportees after the American War of Independence in 1776.    In 1787, the first 11 ships carrying convicts to Australia – known as the First Fleet – set sail for New South Wales, arriving eight months later.

Website reveals secrets of convicts sent to Australia

Convicts being transported To Australia. Australia became the politically expedient safety valve for Britain's overpopulated jails. These were fit to burst after American colonies slammed the door on British deportees after the American War of Independence in 1776. In 1787, the first 11 ships carrying convicts to Australia – known as the First Fleet – set sail for New South Wales, arriving eight months later.

Australia or jail - which was worse? British criminals convicted at the Old Bailey in the 18th and 19th Centuries were either jailed, transported to Australia or hanged.

Australia or jail - which was worse?

Australia or jail - which was worse? British criminals convicted at the Old Bailey in the 18th and 19th Centuries were either jailed, transported to Australia or hanged.

January 26th commemorates the landing of the First Fleet into Sydney Cove in 1788. This printable overview packet

January 26th commemorates the landing of the First Fleet into Sydney Cove in 1788. This printable overview packet

The route of the First Fleet in 1788 from England to Sydney to establish the first colony. January 26 is Australia Day.

The route of the First Fleet in 1788 from England to Sydney to establish the first colony. January 26 is Australia Day.

The First Fleet entering Port Jackson on the 26th of January, 1788. Drawn 1888.

The First Fleet entering Port Jackson on the 26th of January, 1788. Drawn 1888.

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