How long he reined: He twice rebelled against his father before he became King of England in 1189. He spent 9 years and 8 months of his reign in England and spoke only French. He was later overthrown by his brother John.
Richard was born on 8 September 1157 in Oxford, son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He grew up with great battle and military abilities. However, as he became older, he joined a rebellion with his brothers against father in 1173. In 1183 when his brother Henry died, Richard got to heir to the throne and became a king.