1790 The Second Fleet

The Second Fleet comprised six ships: one Royal Navy escort, four convict ships, and a supply ship; however, not all sailed at the same time. The three main convict vessels (Surprize, Neptune, and Scarborough) left England on 19 January 1790 with 1,006 convicts on board. They made one stop at the Cape of Good Hope and took on 20 male convicts, survivors from HMS Guardian. The three vessels arrived at Port Jackson in June 1790.
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The death rates for the Second Fleet ships were one death to every 3.1 convicts embarked on the Neptune, one death to every 3.5 convicts embarked on the Scarborough, and one death to every 7.1 convicts embarked on the Surprise. Although the condition of the convicts shocked Sydney and Britain, not one person was ever charged and the company was again chartered for the Third Fleet!

The Dirt On The Rocks: The First . Sydney Cove and the flat pack hospital

Second Fleet Inscription Plaque.  Private Joseph Baylis, NSW Corps 102nd Regiment  was on 'Surprise' arrived 26 June 1790

Second Fleet Inscription Plaque. Private Joseph Baylis, NSW Corps Regiment was on 'Surprise' arrived 26 June 1790

After an 11-month voyage across the ocean, the ship arrived at Sydney on 3 June 1790 Mary Ann Wade (5 October 1777 – 17 December 1859) was only 11 years old when transported to Australia as the youngest convict aboard the Lady Juliana as part of the Second Fleet. Her family grew to include five generations and over 300 descendants in her own lifetime and today number in the tens of thousands.

Women at Bridewell Prison, Rowlandson and Pugin for Ackermann's Repository of Arts

Second Fleet Sets Sail On this day …….. 19th of January 1790 The second fleet set sail from England for Australia on this day 1790. The three transporters carried 1,006 convicts, 928 men and 78 woman.

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The Lady Juliana - A ship headed for the newly founded land of Australia carried female convicts.

The Lady Juliana - A ship headed for the newly founded land of Australia carried women to make the first colony a success, but these women where not what the doctor ordered.

'Scarborough' convict vessel

Convict Joseph Tuzo was on board 'Scarborough' First Fleet

Second Fleet: British Convict Armada 1790

Second Fleet: British Convict Armada 1790

Captain John Marshall. Captain of Scarborough First Fleet 1788 & Second Fleet 1790

Captain of Scarborough First Fleet 1788 & Second Fleet 1790

The Lady Juliana British ship being towed out of harbor before setting sail for Sydney, Australia. (Photo by Universal History Archive/Getty Images)

Missed In History: The Lady Juliana British ship being towed out of harbor before setting sail for Sydney, Australia. (Photo by Universal History Archive/Getty Images)


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MOVIE: Based on the 'Lady Juliana', a ship that sailed female convicts to Australia with the second fleet.

MOVIE: Based on the 'Lady Juliana', a ship that sailed female convicts to Australia with the second fleet.

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