Governor Arthur Phillip

Captain Arthur Phillip (11 October 1738 – 31 August 1814) was a Royal Navy officer and the first Governor of New South Wales. Phillip sailed with the First Fleet as Governor-designate of the proposed British penal colony of New South Wales. In January 1788, he selected its location to be Port Jackson (encompassing Sydney Harbour) and led the colonisation of what is now Australia. He served as Governor of NSW from 1788 – 1792.
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Captain Arthur Phillip who led the First Fleet to Australia in 1788. He established the penal colony that was to become Sydney and served as the first Governor of New South Wales from 1788 to 1792.

Captain Arthur Phillip who led the First Fleet to Australia in 1788. He established the penal colony that was to become Sydney and served as the first Governor of New South Wales from 1788 to 1792.

A view of Botany Bay from The voyage of Governor Phillip to Botany Bay, 1789 by Arthur Phillip, Engraving DL Q78/26

A view of Botany Bay from The voyage of Governor Phillip to Botany Bay, 1789 by Arthur Phillip, Engraving DL Q78/26

Australian Banksia Serrata in flower with Pericarpium (seed pod) c1807 by John Wilkes. Hand-coloured copperplate engraving by J. Pass for Arthur Phillips’ first official account of “The Voyage to Botany Bay” First Fleet engravings originally published in London.

Australian Banksia Serrata in flower with Pericarpium (seed pod) c1807 by John Wilkes. Hand-coloured copperplate engraving by J. Pass for Arthur Phillips’ first official account of “The Voyage to Botany Bay” First Fleet engravings originally published in London.

Governor Arthur Phillip, 3 July 1788: "It will be four Years at least, before this Colony will be able to support it self, & perhaps no Country in the World affords less assistance to first Settlers. still, My Lord, I think that perseverance will answer every purpose proposed by Government, & that this Country will hereafter be a most Valuable acquisition to Great Brittain from its situation." One of the first letters written from Sydney Cove.

Governor Arthur Phillip, 3 July 1788: "It will be four Years at least, before this Colony will be able to support it self, & perhaps no Country in the World affords less assistance to first Settlers. still, My Lord, I think that perseverance will answer every purpose proposed by Government, & that this Country will hereafter be a most Valuable acquisition to Great Brittain from its situation." One of the first letters written from Sydney Cove.

Guringai photograph 58, Governor Phillip and Party visiting a smallpox victim and child, (artist John Hunter, courtesy State Librray of NSW and Manly Museum and Gallery.lightbox.jpg (1024×847)

Guringai photograph 58, Governor Phillip and Party visiting a smallpox victim and child, (artist John Hunter, courtesy State Librray of NSW and Manly Museum and Gallery.lightbox.jpg (1024×847)

Green Hills (Windsor) c1807, the main town in the Hawkesbury district and a centre of opposition to the rebellion. Reproduced courtesy of Mitchell Library, State Library of NSW.

Green Hills (Windsor) c1807, the main town in the Hawkesbury district and a centre of opposition to the rebellion. Reproduced courtesy of Mitchell Library, State Library of NSW.

Royal Navy captain Arthur Phillip, first governor of NSW and commander of the First Fleet in 1787-88, painted by Francis Wheatley in 1786

Royal Navy captain Arthur Phillip, first governor of NSW and commander of the First Fleet in 1787-88, painted by Francis Wheatley in 1786


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Captain Arthur Phillip who led the First Fleet to Australia in 1788. He established the penal colony that was to become Sydney and served as the first Governor of New South Wales from 1788 to 1792.

Captain Arthur Phillip who led the First Fleet to Australia in 1788. He established the penal colony that was to become Sydney and served as the first Governor of New South Wales from 1788 to 1792.

'The settlement on the Green Hills, Hawksburgh River N.S.Wales', 1809	. The beginnings of Windsor on the  Hawkesbury River, NSW. Thompson Square is in the centre of the picture.	         				                          George William Evan...

'The settlement on the Green Hills, Hawksburgh River N.S.Wales', 1809 . The beginnings of Windsor on the Hawkesbury River, NSW. Thompson Square is in the centre of the picture. George William Evan...

In May 1787 Captain Arthur Phillip led the first 11 ships known as the First Fleet from Britain and established the first Penal Colony in Australia, NSW (Dunn, C. n.d). Captain Arthur Phillip, the convicts, marine guards and others onboard arrived in mid-January 1788, hence the 26th of January being the official date to celebrate Australia day (Dunn, C. n.d)

In May 1787 Captain Arthur Phillip led the first 11 ships known as the First Fleet from Britain and established the first Penal Colony in Australia, NSW (Dunn, C. n.d). Captain Arthur Phillip, the convicts, marine guards and others onboard arrived in mid-January 1788, hence the 26th of January being the official date to celebrate Australia day (Dunn, C. n.d)

Captain Arthur Phillip guided a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, thus founding the colony of Australia on January 26, 1788.

Captain Arthur Phillip guided a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, thus founding the colony of Australia on January 26, 1788.

One of Australia’s most important shipwrecks is HMS Sirius. In 1787 she was the lead ship for the First Fleet of eleven ships setting out from Britain on the voyage to establish the first...

One of Australia’s most important shipwrecks is HMS Sirius. In 1787 she was the lead ship for the First Fleet of eleven ships setting out from Britain on the voyage to establish the first...

William Sherwin (c. 1650-1714) Arthur Phillip Esq., Captain General and Commander in Chief in and over the territory of New South Wales, published 1789.

William Sherwin (c. 1650-1714) Arthur Phillip Esq., Captain General and Commander in Chief in and over the territory of New South Wales, published 1789.

Captain Arthur Philip

Captain Arthur Philip

HMS Sirius (1790) interpretive plinth, Norfolk Island

HMS Sirius (1790) interpretive plinth, Norfolk Island

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