Governor Lachlan Macquarie

Major-General Lachlan Macquarie (1762 – 1824) was a British Army officer and colonial administrator from Scotland. He served as the fifth and last autocratic Governor of New South Wales from 1810 to 1821. Macquarie had a leading role in the social, economic, and architectural development of the colony, as well as great influence on the transition of New South Wales from a penal colony to a free settlement.
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'holey dollar and 'dump - these coins were used in Australia from about 1813 to about 1822. Due to a shortage of coins in the new colonies, Governor Macquarie ordered £10,000 in Spanish dollars to have their centers punched out and then circulated as two coins - the outside 'washer' shaped coin, known as a 'holey dollar' and the plug punched from its center as another coin known as a 'dump'. Of the 40,000 coins in circulation all but about 350 'Holey Dollars' and about 1500 'Dumps' remain.

A holey dollar dating from the time of Governor Lachlan Macquarie has been stolen from the New South Whales State Library.

Fort Macquarie,1870 - Fort Macquarie was built on the end of Bennelong Point, where the Sydney Opera House now stands. Completed by convict labour in 1821 using stone from the Domain, the fort had 15 guns and housed a small garrison. The powder magazine beneath the tower was capable of storing 350 barrels of gunpowder. The fort was demolished in 1901 to make way for the tramway sheds that occupied the site until the construction of the Sydney Opera House.

Some bygone buildings . ********** Fort Macquarie 1870 Fort Macquarie was built on the end of Bennelong Point, where the.

Australia's first bank note - issued "8 April 1817 on the first day of operations of the nation's first ever bank, the Bank of New South Wales." The bank was established by Governor Lachlan Macquarie and is now named Westpac. (Australian Museum)

Australia's first bank note - issued April 1817 on the first day of operations of the nation's first ever bank, the Bank of New South Wales." The bank was established by Governor Lachlan Macquarie and is now named Westpac.

Lachlan Macquarie - Governor of NSW 1810 - 1821

Lachlan Macquarie - Governor of NSW 1810 - In 1821 Gov Macquarie granted 50 acres land at Cockle Bay to Joseph Tuzo.

At mausoleum of Lachlan Macquarie, the father of Australia. Isle of Mull, Scotland.

At mausoleum of Lachlan Macquarie, the father of Australia. Isle of Mull, Scotland.

1793-1810 The Rum Corps  Successive governors of New South Wales failed to control the excesses of the officers of the New South Wales Corps, which became known as the Rum Corps. They had a monopoly over the trade in rum and much of the new colony’s food. Rum (a name given to any strong spirit) was used as currency and was both imported and manufactured locally. Governor Lachlan Macquarie eventually introduced a licensing system and establish a stable coin currency which curbed the trade.

The Rum Corps Successive governors of New South Wales failed to…

FRANCIS GREENWAY. Dawes Point Battery (background) and Fort Macquarie (foreground). Governor Lachlan Macquarie engaged Greenway to design a fort at Dawes Point that would appear as a castle to ships entering the harbour through the heads. Considered Greenway's less successful designs, the crenellated medieval towers and walls were ridiculed as obsolete and ineffective for the purposes of modern warfare.

FRANCIS GREENWAY. Dawes Point Battery (background) and Fort Macquarie (foreground). Governor Lachlan Macquarie engaged Greenway to design a fort at Dawes Point that would appear as a castle to ships entering the harbour through the heads. Considered Greenway's less successful designs, the crenellated medieval towers and walls were ridiculed as obsolete and ineffective for the purposes of modern warfare.

It was the 7th of May 1815 when Governor Lachlan Macquarie, fresh from his journey across the Blue Mountains, erected a flagstaff and started a new settlement called Bathurst.

It was the of May 1815 when Governor Lachlan Macquarie, fresh from his journey across the Blue Mountains, erected a flagstaff and started a new settlement called Bathurst.

Lachlan Macquarie, "Father of Australia"

Lachlan Macquarie, "Father of Australia" was born on Ulva.


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