Governor William Bligh had a disagreement with the military garrison of the colony: the New South Wales Corps (aka The Rum Corps). So in 1808, the Rum Corps ousted him in a move known as The Rum Rebellion.
RUM REBELLION..John Macarthur served as Colonial-Secretary in the rebel administration, until he fled to England where he remained for 81/2 years to avoid an arrest warrant for him in Sydney. Macarthur had gained the right to return to Sydney through lobbying, but would not accept the conditions imposed, namely that he admitted his wrongdoing and the promise of his good behaviour. He therefore remained in England until Lord Camden granted him unconditional return to NSW in 1817.
William Bligh - Officer of the British Royal Navy and a colonial administrator. A historic mutiny occurred during his command of HMS Bounty in 1789. Fifteen years after the Bounty mutiny, he was appointed Governor of New South Wales in Australia, with orders to clean up the corrupt rum trade of the New South Wales Corps, resulting in the so-called Rum Rebellion.
December 7, 1817: Death of William Bligh. He's best-known in connection with the 1789 mutiny on the HMS Bounty, but that was not Bligh's only brush with disaster. Earlier, he had been a member of Captain Cook's last -- and fatal -- voyage. In 1797, he was one of the captains subject to the Spithead Mutiny. And, in while Governor of New South Wales, a conflict between Bligh and the colonists resulted in the Rum Rebellion of 1808. This portrait is from Bligh's book about the Bounty Mutiny.
The infamous 'Rum Corps' not only staged the nations only military coup, but put down an armed rebellion in its time as the garrison of the convict colony. "The New South Wales Corps (aka The Rum Corps) was formed in England in 1789 as a permanent regiment to relieve the Royal Marines who had accompanied the First Fleet to Australia.