Convict uniform and two caps 1830–1849 Compare information from a range of sources (ACHHS103) Identify points of view in the past and present (ACHHS104) The nature of convict or colonial presence, including the factors that influenced patterns of development, aspects of the daily life of the inhabitants (including Aboriginal Peoples and Torres Strait Islander Peoples) and how the environment changed. (ACHHK094)
Augustus Earle (1793-1838), A government jail gang, Sydney, N S Wales, 1830. In an age of Enlightenment, this proved to be Britain's most interesting innovative and successful social experiements. Yes, you can mix races and social classes and still build a brilliant society. But then, I'm Australian, so I'm biased.
There was a shortage of prison accommodation. Long term prisoners were transferred to provincial prisons, or to the dreaded Hulks – decommissioned warships anchored in the mud off Woolwich. They were dark, damp and verminous. Few prisoners managed to escape.