Australia

Australia transports inmates to Botany Bay as a way of enacting Criminal Justice. The first 736 convicts banished from England to Australia land in Botany Bay. Over the next 60 years, approximately 50,000 criminals were transported from Great Britain to the “land down under,” in one of the strangest episodes in criminal-justice history.
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Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia. It is on Australia's south-east coast, on the Tasman Sea. The site of the first British colony in Australia, Sydney was established in 1788 at Sydney Cove by Arthur Phillip, commodore of the First Fleet, as a penal colony

Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia. It is on Australia's south-east coast, on the Tasman Sea. The site of the first British colony in Australia, Sydney was established in 1788 at Sydney Cove by Arthur Phillip, commodore of the First Fleet, as a penal colony

Prison Hulk--"It was normal for prisoners under sentence of transportation to spend the first part of their sentence in the prison where they had awaited trial, usually in solitary confinement....In the early 19th century, most prisoners awaiting transportation were sent to the 'hulks' in London before being assigned to a convict ship and leaving England."

Prison Hulk--"It was normal for prisoners under sentence of transportation to spend the first part of their sentence in the prison where they had awaited trial, usually in solitary confinement....In the early 19th century, most prisoners awaiting transportation were sent to the 'hulks' in London before being assigned to a convict ship and leaving England."

There were eleven ships in the First Fleet. They were all small ships that included two naval ships, six convict ships and three storeships for supplies. This is a picture of the flagship Sirius, which carried Captain Aurthur Philip first govermor of NSW. It was wrecked off Norfolk Island in 1790 and its wreck was given National Heritage status in 2011.

There were eleven ships in the First Fleet. They were all small ships that included two naval ships, six convict ships and three storeships for supplies. This is a picture of the flagship Sirius, which carried Captain Aurthur Philip first govermor of NSW. It was wrecked off Norfolk Island in 1790 and its wreck was given National Heritage status in 2011.

Admiral Arthur Phillip (1738 - 1814) was the first Governor of New South Wales, and founder of the settlement which became Sydney. Phillip sailed with the First Fleet, as Governor-designate of the proposed British penal colony of New South Wales. In February 1788, he selected its location to be Port Jackson (now Sydney Harbour)

Admiral Arthur Phillip (1738 - 1814) was the first Governor of New South Wales, and founder of the settlement which became Sydney. Phillip sailed with the First Fleet, as Governor-designate of the proposed British penal colony of New South Wales. In February 1788, he selected its location to be Port Jackson (now Sydney Harbour)

Australian Convict Sites: A selection of eleven penal sites, among the thousands on Australian soil. The sites are spread across Australia, from Fremantle in Western Australia to Kingston and Arthur's Vale on Norfolk Island in the east; and areas around Sydney in New South Wales in the north, to sites located in Tasmania in the south. Around 166,000 men, women and children were sent here over 80 years between 1787 and 1868, condemned by British justice to transportation to the convict…

Australian Convict Sites: A selection of eleven penal sites, among the thousands on Australian soil. The sites are spread across Australia, from Fremantle in Western Australia to Kingston and Arthur's Vale on Norfolk Island in the east; and areas around Sydney in New South Wales in the north, to sites located in Tasmania in the south. Around 166,000 men, women and children were sent here over 80 years between 1787 and 1868, condemned by British justice to transportation to the convict…


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When it comes to chauffeur services in Dublin, we are experts in collecting from and getting to the airport on time and to the right terminal. Your personal chauffeur will be tracking your flight from take off, directly through the Dublin airport information service and will adjust your pick-up time in the event of a delay or early arrival.

When it comes to chauffeur services in Dublin, we are experts in collecting from and getting to the airport on time and to the right terminal. Your personal chauffeur will be tracking your flight from take off, directly through the Dublin airport information service and will adjust your pick-up time in the event of a delay or early arrival.

Cooke, Edward William, Prison-ship in Portsmouth Harbour, convicts going aboard [picture]

Convicts being transported To Australia. Australia became the politically expedient safety valve for Britain's overpopulated jails. These were fit to burst after American colonies slammed the door on British deportees after the American War of Independence in 1776.    In 1787, the first 11 ships carrying convicts to Australia – known as the First Fleet – set sail for New South Wales, arriving eight months later.

Website reveals secrets of convicts sent to Australia

Convicts being transported To Australia. Australia became the politically expedient safety valve for Britain's overpopulated jails. These were fit to burst after American colonies slammed the door on British deportees after the American War of Independence in 1776. In 1787, the first 11 ships carrying convicts to Australia – known as the First Fleet – set sail for New South Wales, arriving eight months later.

The First Fleet's welcome into Sydney Harbour was a wet one, according to new research. Painting detail..John Allcott

The First Fleet's welcome into Sydney Harbour was a wet one, according to new research. Painting detail..John Allcott

There was a shortage of prison accommodation in the Victorian era, so long-term prisoners were transferred to provincial prisons, or to the dreaded hulks. The hulks were decommissioned warships anchored in the mud off Woolwich. They were dark, damp and verminous and few prisoners managed to escape. This is a cross-section of a hulk called the Defence, published in Henry Mayhew’s The Criminal Prisons of London, in 1862.

There was a shortage of prison accommodation in the Victorian era, so long-term prisoners were transferred to provincial prisons, or to the dreaded hulks. The hulks were decommissioned warships anchored in the mud off Woolwich. They were dark, damp and verminous and few prisoners managed to escape. This is a cross-section of a hulk called the Defence, published in Henry Mayhew’s The Criminal Prisons of London, in 1862.

Website for the Female Convicts Research Centre (Australia) #gentipjar #genealogy #blacksheep

Website for the Female Convicts Research Centre (Australia) #gentipjar #genealogy #blacksheep

The First Fleet entering Port Jackson on the 26th of January, 1788. Drawn 1888.

The First Fleet entering Port Jackson on the 26th of January, 1788. Drawn 1888.

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