1850s–70s: A Long and Dangerous Journey 1850s Sailing Clipper. Image: Bill Wood Source: Museum Victoria For those who travelled to Australia in the nineteenth century, the journey was often long and dangerous. In calm weather a sailing ship might take as long as four months, while a well-run clipper ship with favourable winds could make the journey in a little over half this time.
Lambing Flat riots 1861. Victoria taxed Chinese at £10 a head. This created an illegal trade whereby the Chinese were dropped off at ports in South Australia. Chinese diggers left Australia and went back to China with their gold. It was a drain on the economy. Riots ensued at gold mines between Chinese and European diggers. So all states legislated against Chinese in 1880. Their number quickly declined and many of those who remained grew vegetables for the European community.