King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz of Saudi Arabia has died at the age of 90. Abdullah was one of the world’s most powerful men and a key U.S. ally in the region, controlling a fifth of the known global petroleum reserves. In a statement, President Obama praised Abdullah "as a force for stability and security in the Middle East and beyond." Many analysts accused Abdullah of turning the uprising in Syria into a proxy war with Iran. In 2010, WikiLeaks published U.S. diplomatic cables which identified…
In 1902, at the age of 20, Abd al-Aziz rode into the desert with a band of his brothers and cousins to reassert Al Saud family rule over the Arabian Peninsula. They captured the modern capital Riyadh in 1902 and by 1925 had added the Two Holy Cities, Mecca and Medina. In 1932 Abd al-Aziz established the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with himself as absolute monarch. No long after, Saudi Arabia's place in the world was transformed with the discovery of huge oil reserves by American oil prospectors.
From Slaves to Rock Stars -- The ancient copper mines in Timna Valley of southern Israel have long been associated with King Solomon’s mines. Brand new findings, however, indicate that the metalworkers there weren’t Edomite slaves, as has been assumed based mainly on the horrid conditions of the desert, but rather esteemed craftsmen.
A collection of beautiful Desert bred mares from the King Abdul Aziz Arabian Horse Center, Dirab, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Photo by G.A. Rhodes.
Crown Prince Mohammed bin Nayef, King Salman's nephew, is one of the two new powers in the kingdom. As minister of the interior, he oversaw the mass executions that included Shia cleric Nimr al-Nimr earlier this month.
King AbMuqrin bin Abdulaziz al Sauddulaziz ibn Saud King 1932 - 1953 As a young man, Ibn Saud led a small band of men to recapture his family's ancient territory of Riyadh, in central Arabia, and went on to build a desert kingdom under the flag of Islamic revival. On Sept. 23, 1932, the country was named the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. By the time of his death, it stretched from the Gulf to the Red Sea and from Iraq to Yemen.
Periplous of the Erythraean Sea - Bharuch - According to the Skanda Purana, the sage Bhrigu came to Bharuch sitting on a tortoise. The tortoise is known as Kachchha (कच्छ) in Sanskrit. Hence the place was named 'Bhrigukachchha'. Another theory states that the city derived its name from "Bhr̥igukachchha" (Sanskrit: भृगुकच्छ, "Bhr̥gu's riverbank"), the residence of the great saint Bhrigu Rishi. The city then became known as 'Bharukachch', which was later abridged to…