By the President of the United States of America A PROCLAMATION AS the safety and prosperity of nations ultimately and essentially depend on the protection and blessing of Almighty God; and the national acknowledgment of this truth is not only an indispensable duty which the people owe to Him, but a duty whose natural influence is favorable to the promotion of that morality and piety, without which social happiness cannot exist, nor the blessings of a free government be enjoyed...
The Articles of Confederation: A Truly Small Government
The articles of confederation were the first written constitution, in which the states stayed sovereign and independent. At the time the central government was unable to levy taxes and regulate commerce, which later led to the constitutional convention of
The following is the original December 21, 1809 letter by John Adams followed by the transcription of this letter. The transcript has been modified from the original to include modern grammar and spelling.