Eudora Welty (1909-2001) was an American author of short stories and novels about the American South. Her novel 'The Optimist's Daughter' won the Pulitzer Prize in 1973. Welty was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, among numerous awards. She was the first living author to have her works published by the Library of America.
Alexandr Solzhenitsyn (1945-1950) Mandatory Credit: Photo by CSU Archives / Everett Collection / Rex Features ( 706314A ) Nobel Prize winning author Alexander Solzhenitsyn during the Gulag years 1945-1950. His most famous work, the Gulag Archipelago detailed the brutalities of the Stalinist regime in Russia and forced him into exile for 20 years until he returned to Russia after the fall of communism.