Essen crown. The small crown is the oldest surviving crown of lilies in Europe. It is stored for almost a millennium in the Essen treasury. It was used until the 16th century at the coronation of the Golden Madonna at the Candlemas on February 2nd. The gold band with 4 lilies is decorated with filigree patterns of coupled gold wires, set with pearls and precious stones. The crown was created at the second half of the 11th century. The origin of the crown is unclear.
“Dalmatic of Charlemagne”.Eleventh century. Gift of the Patriarch of Constantinople, Isidore of Kiev (1439) to Pope Eugene IV (1431-1447) The only medieval liturgical vestment kept in the Treasury of St Peter’s is this dalmatic. It is a masterpiece of the art of embroidery practiced in Constantinople during the eleventh century. It is made entirely in embroidery with gold, silver and colored thread on blue silk with scenes from the Byzantine iconography of the ninth and tenth centuries.
The basic peasant house in the 13th century was about 15 feet wide and might be twice the length; houses of the 14th century were about 20 feet wide and 80 feet in length. This is an artists conception of a cruck house.