Dorothy Dandridge (1922–1965) was the first African American to be nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress, becoming only the third African American to receive a nomination in any Academy Award category (after Hattie McDaniel and Ethel Waters) at the time.
One of my favorite Dorothy pics. Did you know that she and Nat “King” Cole pitched ideas to networks about doing a television sitcom together? They had a few angles, including one where they played a “small-time pair of married performers" who went through all kinds of ('50s sitcom-ish) scenarios as they climbed the ladder to success. They were turned down all over town. Quelle surprise!