beatniks - "the beatnik grew out of a literate, verbal culture," and "professed an interest in the avant-garde (abstract painting, poetry, French existentialism) and affected a bemused cosmopolitan air of bohemian tolderance..." (52). The beatnik was also affiliated with the "black cause," being another subculture to derive "positive" influence from the West Indian population, contrary to the Teds who were often involved in "unprovoked attacks" against West Indians.
"It could have been me. It could have been me." These were the words uttered by painter Jean-Michel Basquiat, who was deeply shaken after he heard the story of a black graffiti artist who was beaten to death by New York City police. Seeing his own life reflected in the death of a fellow artist, Basquiat went on to create Defacement (The Death of Michael Stewart).