Women in paid employment were not a new phenomenon in 1914. They made up a substantial part of the industrial workforce even before the First World War, although they were mainly concentrated in textile manufacture. After 1915, when the need for shells intensified, women were brought into munitions manufacturing in large numbers. By 1918 almost a million women were employed in some aspect of munitions work.
Second Lieutenant W. H. G. Jessup, Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry, on the Western Front (Left) and Winning the Military Cross during the Battle of the Somme (Right) by Stanley Llewelyn Wood (Both 1916)