Women in paid employment were not a new phenomenon in 1914. They made up a substantial part of the industrial workforce even before the First World War, although they were mainly concentrated in textile manufacture. After 1915, when the need for shells intensified, women were brought into munitions manufacturing in large numbers. By 1918 almost a million women were employed in some aspect of munitions work.

Women in paid employment were not a new phenomenon in 1914. They made up a substantial part of the industrial workforce even before the First World War, although they were mainly concentrated in textile manufacture. After 1915, when the need for shells intensified, women were brought into munitions manufacturing in large numbers. By 1918 almost a million women were employed in some aspect of munitions work.

Captain Reginald James Young winning the Military Cross at the Battle of the Somme, 1916  By Stanley L. Wood (1866-1928)

Captain Reginald James Young winning the Military Cross at the Battle of the Somme, 1916 By Stanley L. Wood (1866-1928)

Arthur Lismer: "Olympic with Returned Soldiers"  1919. The Olympic, seen here docked in Halifax, was a sister ship of the Titanic. Its hull shows the dazzle-painting technique, a form of camouflage.

Arthur Lismer: "Olympic with Returned Soldiers" 1919. The Olympic, seen here docked in Halifax, was a sister ship of the Titanic. Its hull shows the dazzle-painting technique, a form of camouflage.

A Battery Shelled by Percy Wyndham Lewis 1919

Truth and Memory: British Art of the First World War

Second Lieutenant W. H. G. Jessup, Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry, on the Western Front (Left) and Winning the Military Cross during the Battle of the Somme (Right) by Stanley Llewelyn Wood (Both 1916)

Second Lieutenant W. H. G. Jessup, Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry, on the Western Front (Left) and Winning the Military Cross during the Battle of the Somme (Right) by Stanley Llewelyn Wood (Both 1916)

Tanks were another advance in warfare. The tanks mowed down soldiers before they had the chance to shoot.

12 Technological Advancements of World War I

Tanks were another advance in warfare. The tanks mowed down soldiers before they had the chance to shoot.

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