Women in paid employment were not a new phenomenon in 1914. They made up a substantial part of the industrial workforce even before the First World War, although they were mainly concentrated in textile manufacture. After 1915, when the need for shells intensified, women were brought into munitions manufacturing in large numbers. By 1918 almost a million women were employed in some aspect of munitions work.

Women in paid employment were not a new phenomenon in 1914. They made up a substantial part of the industrial workforce even before the First World War, although they were mainly concentrated in textile manufacture. After 1915, when the need for shells intensified, women were brought into munitions manufacturing in large numbers. By 1918 almost a million women were employed in some aspect of munitions work.

Image: "Bullshorn Plough" tank

Image: "Bullshorn Plough" tank

Wigan Rolling Mills (iron and steel) in the late nineteenth century

Wigan Rolling Mills (iron and steel) in the late nineteenth century

A woman employed by the South East and Chatham Railway Company as a carter, at their depot at the Bricklayers Arms in the Old Kent Road, London. 1918

A woman employed by the South East and Chatham Railway Company as a carter, at their depot at the Bricklayers Arms in the Old Kent Road, London. 1918

Tanks were another advance in warfare. The tanks mowed down soldiers before they had the chance to shoot.

12 Technological Advancements of World War I

Tanks were another advance in warfare. The tanks mowed down soldiers before they had the chance to shoot.

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