Marie Curie was a woman before her time. Born in 1867, in Poland, she was a genius in physics and in chemistry; she is the first woman ever to receive a Nobel Prize and the only woman in history to receive two Nobel Prizes.
Miss Charlotte Cooper became the first female Olympic champion in history, with two tennis victories in the ladies’ singles and the mixed doubles. It was only as of these Games in Paris that women were allowed to take part in Olympic competitions. 1900 Olympics
Aiding in the abolition of slavery is Harriett Beecher Stowe's, Uncle Tom's Cabin. According to legend, Abraham Lincoln greeted Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1862 by saying "So you're the little woman who wrote the book that started this great [Civil] war." Truly one of history's finest depiction of American slavery.