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Teppou Ashigaru (Gun Footmen, or Musketeers) Muskets brought into Japan for the first time in 1543 were named tanegashima after the island where they were introduced. They were also called hinawa-juu (matchlock guns) because himawa (a fuse cord) was used to kindle the gunpowder. In the course of time Kunitomo in Omi, Negoro in Ku, and Sakai in Izumi saw a period of prosperity as the three major cities in gun-manufacturing, while muskets gradually spread across the country.