António de Oliveira Salazar (1889–1970) founded and led the Estado Novo (New State), the authoritarian, right-wing government that presided over and controlled Portugal from 1932 to 1974. Its policy envisaged the perpetuation of Portugal as a pluricontinental nation under the doctrine of lusotropicalism, with Angola, Mozambique, and other Portuguese territories as extensions of Portugal itself. Salazar's government and its secret police PIDE repressed civil liberties and political freedoms.
Angola Landing 1910, Angola Prison Farm, Mississippi River. The Sternwheeler America owned by Captain LeVerrier Cooley. The bell at the front of the boat can be seen at his grave at Metarie Cemetery, New Orleans.