Jamaican Maroons. Maroons in New Nanny Town, Jamaica: The word Maroon describes people who escaped slavery by seeking refuge in the mountains; it comes from the Spanish word cimarrón meaning people who live on mountain tops. The Maroons successfully escaped their plantations and formed independent militas/communities of free people. In some instances, the Maroon were so feared that some colonizers were forced to sue for peace.
Nanny of the Maroons Jamaica c.1680 -c. 1750 Nanny of the Maroons was a Jamaican spiritual leader who fought against British slave trading in the eighteenth century. An expert strategist, Nanny implemented the use of camoflage and guerilla warfare to protect her people. In 1740 she skillfully negotiated autonomy for her people. Although her existence is heavily steeped in myth and superstition, Nanny is still regarded as a historic persona, and is the national heroine of Jamaica today.