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KING FERDINAND VI OF SPAIN ~Reign: 9 July 1746~10 August 1759. When he came to the throne, Spain found itself in the War of the Austrian Succession which ended without any benefit to Spain. He started his reign by eliminating the influence of the widow Queen Elisabeth of Parma and her group of Italian courtiers. As king he followed a steady policy of neutrality in the conflict between France and Britain, and refused to be tempted by the offers of either into declaring war on the other.

KING FERDINAND VI OF SPAIN ~Reign: 9 July 1746~10 August 1759. Here, Aged 10 as an Infante of the royal family. Painting by Jean Ranc.~~~He was the fourth son of the previous monarch Philip V and his first wife Maria Luisa of Savoy. Ferdinand, the third member of the Spanish Bourbon dynasty, was born in Madrid on 23 September 1713. Born at the Royal Alcázar of Madrid, his youth was a time of sadness for Ferdinand.

LOUIS XIV ~In 1701 his Grandson became Felipe V of Spain by inheritance. Reign: 1701-1746, the first Bourbon king of Spain. Before his reign, Philip occupied an exalted place in the royal family of France as a grandson of King Louis XIV. His father, Louis, the Grand Dauphin, had the strongest genealogical claim to the throne of Spain when it became vacant in 1700.

LOUIS XIV ~1670 in Full State. Wearing the chain and star of the Chivalric "Ordre du Saint-Esprit" established by Henry III of France on December 31, 1578. During Louis's reign, France was the leading European power and it fought three major wars: the Franco-Dutch War, the War of the League of Augsburg, and the War of the Spanish Succession. There were also two lesser conflicts: the War of Devolution and the War of the Reunions.

LOUIS XIV ~1615 Louis XIV's Mother, Anne of Austria, Queen of France and Navarre Reign 1615 to 1643. Engraving. Louis's relationship with his mother was uncommonly affectionate for the time. Contemporaries and eyewitnesses claimed that the Queen would spend all her time with Louis. Both were greatly interested in food and theatre, and it is highly likely that Louis developed these interests through his close relationship with his mother.

LOUIS XIV ~1667 Louis XIV & Maria-Thérèse in Arras at the War of Devolution. During Louis's reign, France was the leading European power and it fought three major wars: the Franco-Dutch War, the War of the League of Augsburg, and the War of the Spanish Succession. There were two lesser conflicts: the War of Devolution and the War of the Reunions. Louis encouraged and benefited from the work of prominent political, military, and cultural figures.

Queen Anne and William, Duke of Gloucester by studio of Sir Godfrey Kneller - Anne, Queen of Great Britain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

KING FREDERICK I OF SWEDEN ~Reign: 17 April 1676–25 March 1751. Frederick I was prince consort of Sweden from 1718 to 1720, & King of Sweden from 1720 until his death & also Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel from 1730. He ascended the throne following the death of his brother-in-law, absolutist Charles XII in the Great Northern War, as his sister and heir Ulrika Eleonora preferred to abdicate from her position as queen regnant after relinquishing most powers to the Riksdag of the Estates.