Picture from "The Seven Wonders of the World" by John and Elizabeth Romer **VS** J A Brendon's reconstruction, 1924, possibly incorporating Herodotus' Tower of Babel (ziggurat with winding stair case) but also following Ctesias, c.400 BC (open galleries, thick walls, hidden pumps) Clitarchus, 310-301 BC (summit garden) Berossus, c.250 BC (stone knoll or mountain, high walkways) and Diodorus c.50 BC who slightly modified Ctesias (vaulted terraces, stairways)
Babylon , the old area called Mesopotamia, originally known as Sumer, and later as Sumer and Akkad, lies between the rivers Eufrat and Tiger, south of Baghdad today. The Babilonian civilization, between 18 BC sec and 6 BC, was like the Sumerian one that preceded it, with urban characteristics, although based on agriculture. The kingdom was composed of about 12 towns surrounded by villages.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are the most mysteries of the seven wonders. Some historians even question whether the Hanging Gardens were an actual creation or a poetic creation due to the lack of documentation of them in the chronicles of Babylonian history.