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VELÁZQUEZ, Diego Rodriguez de Silva y Spanish painter (b. 1599, Sevilla, d. 1660, Madrid) Queen Doña Mariana of Austria 1652-53 Oil on canvas, 231 x 131 cm Museo del Prado, Madrid | Mariana by Velázquez, 1660. |

Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez (Workshop). Mariana de Austria, reina de España, orante, 1655

La reina doña Mariana de Austria Diego Velázquez

Queen Mariana - Diego Velazquez. Another example of Velasquez's astonishing ease with oil paint . He was supposed to have acquired this when on his trips to Italy. Titian and the Venetians used the fabled black oil which was made with lead litharge. The black oil medium gave richness and fluidity to the paint surface. It was of course poisonous.