Borgund Stave Church Structure: 1-Spire sitting atop the 3-tired roof. 2-Central tower decorated with dragon heads. 3-Simple, circular windows let in light. 4-The alterpiece was added in 1654. 5-Crosses of St. Andrew border the central nave in the shape of X. 6-External gallery. 7-Entrance. 8-West door. 9-The gables above apse towers and doorways are decorated with crosses. 10-Twelve staves in the central part of the nave to support the roof. 11-Main roof covered in pine shingles.
Borgund Stavkirke, Norway, by Kurt Muetterties | angioman1: Built sometime 1180-1250 CE (12thcentury). Its walls are vertical wooden boards, or staves, hence the name "stave church" (stavkirke). Several runic inscriptions are found on the walls of the church. One reads: "Tor wrote these runes in the evening at the St. Olav's Mass", and another reads "Ave Maria". These can be found at the west portal of the church. [Please keep photo credit and original link if repinning. Thanks!]
Stave church, Lom, Oppland, East Norway: A stave church is a medieval wooden church with a post and beam construction; the load-bearing posts ("stafr" in Old Norse) have lent their name to the building technique.