Xanthippe or Xantippe (zan-THIP-ee) Noun: -A nagging, ill-tempered woman. Xanthippe was the wife of Socrates - portrayed as a nagging, quarrelsome woman. The name Xanthippe is from xanthos (yellow) + hippos (horse). Earliest documented use: 1691. Used in a sentence: “Lady Cordelia Quartermaine is a quarrelsome shrew, a real Xanthippe, who bullies her poor milquetoast husband until he finally acquiesces to her outlandish demands."