Toward the 1770s, an informal alternative to the gown was a costume of a jacket and petticoat, based on working class fashion but executed in finer fabrics with a tighter fit. The Brunswick gown was two-piece costume of German origin consisting of a hip-length jacket with "split sleeves" (flounced elbow-length sleeves and long, tight lower sleeves) and a hood, worn with a matching petticoat. The caraco was a jacket-like bodice worn with a petticoat, with elbow-length sleeves.
Casaca (jacket), skirt, and same Casaca laid flat, 1740, Spain. metal, cotton, linen, silk, paper. polychrome and gilded silver. Casaca is hip-length, open in front and side pleats that start from a button covered in the same fabric. The sleeve, three quarter with triangular back. The jacket, along with the petticoat (skirt) was a common dress among the Spanish female population of the first half of the eighteenth century. Museo del Traje.
Five strands of pearls about neck, transparent gauze fichu with embroidered edge covering decolletage, pretty pink silk gown, bow at elbow length sleeve to draw attention to three tiers of delicate lace ruffles (engageantes), black velvet band around wrist (possibly with miniature portrait - out of view), gossamer thin embroidered apron - the fashionable accoutrement for fashionable ladies! Black silk shoes with gold/brass buckle. Detail: Mary, Countess Howe, 1763, Thomas Gainsborough
An embroidered lawn robe l'Anglaise, circa 1770-80, delicately embroidered in chain stitch with stripes and sprigs of pinks, convolvulus, dog roses, honeysuckle, tied with pink bows, closed-front bodice panels with drawstring to neck, the sleeves with shaped elbows adorned with ruffles; together with a pink taffeta petticoat of 18th century silk but 19th construction (2) Provenance: originally part of the Doris Langley Moore collection.
Centennial ball gown, circa 1876. Many party guests wore Colonial attire. Old silk in storage was remodeled into new clothes.This is a mix: half 18th century and half Victorian. Bodice, reconstructed with Victorian boning petersham, retains original sleeves. Petticoat was remade into bustle shape. Pale peach taffeta hand-embroidered with ivory silk floss medallions. Some of them were cut out of extra fabric and appliquéd as borders around the neckline and sleeves. Via Vintage Textile.