ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE, Italy - Facade of the cathedral of Pisa, begun 1063. The cathedral (Duomo) of Pisa was founded in 1063 after the victory of the Pisan fleet over the Saracens near Palermo. Stylistically it was a variation of the Mediterranean basilica plan with influence from Near Eastern architecture. The building has also Lombard overtones, especially in the facade with its four registers of freestanding gallery work.

ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE, Italy - Facade of the cathedral of Pisa, begun 1063. The cathedral (Duomo) of Pisa was founded in 1063 after the victory of the Pisan fleet over the Saracens near Palermo. Stylistically it was a variation of the Mediterranean basilica plan with influence from Near Eastern architecture. The building has also Lombard overtones, especially in the facade with its four registers of freestanding gallery work.

ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE, Italy - The Basilica of S. Miniato al Monte, 1062.  The geometrically patterned marble facade of the  was completed in 12th century. It is located at the top of one of the highest points in Florence. The Baptistery and church of S. Miniato al Monte are the prinicipal monuments of Florence's Romanesque architecture.

ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE, Italy - The Basilica of S. Miniato al Monte, 1062. The geometrically patterned marble facade of the was completed in 12th century. It is located at the top of one of the highest points in Florence. The Baptistery and church of S. Miniato al Monte are the prinicipal monuments of Florence's Romanesque architecture.

ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE, England - Norman transept, Winchester cathedral, 1079 (rebuilt in late middle ages). The surviving Norman aisled transpts at Winchester with great galleried tribunes and clestoreys shows the thick wall technique derived from Jumiéges and Caen in Normandy. The characteristic of Anglo-Norman, is a well-defined bay system expressed by the nave piers and vertical shafts.

ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE, England - Norman transept, Winchester cathedral, 1079 (rebuilt in late middle ages). The surviving Norman aisled transpts at Winchester with great galleried tribunes and clestoreys shows the thick wall technique derived from Jumiéges and Caen in Normandy. The characteristic of Anglo-Norman, is a well-defined bay system expressed by the nave piers and vertical shafts.

ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE, England - Lincoln cathedral, begun 1073. Anglo-Norman great churches were generally tall, carefully-articulated structures, with a three-part nave elevation that often included a large tribune gallery vaulted in stone. Lincoln is unique in Norman architecture. Its patron, Bishop Remigius, came from Fécamp in Normandy. The westwork of the cathedral reflects the French Romansque architecture.

ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE, England - Lincoln cathedral, begun 1073. Anglo-Norman great churches were generally tall, carefully-articulated structures, with a three-part nave elevation that often included a large tribune gallery vaulted in stone. Lincoln is unique in Norman architecture. Its patron, Bishop Remigius, came from Fécamp in Normandy. The westwork of the cathedral reflects the French Romansque architecture.

ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE, Italy - Model section of Baptistery, (The museum of Pisa Cathedral).

ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE, Italy - Model section of Baptistery, (The museum of Pisa Cathedral).

ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE, France - Angoulême cathedral, 1130. Angoulême cathedral is the first example of a church the its facade entirely covered with sculpture and reliefs.

ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE, France - Angoulême cathedral, 1130. Angoulême cathedral is the first example of a church the its facade entirely covered with sculpture and reliefs.

ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE, France - Chevet of St-Sernin, 1180, Toulouse. It was built of brick. Its multi-apsed ambulatory is strikingly articulated on the exterior. The octagonal tower was built mainly during the Gothic era.

ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE, France - Chevet of St-Sernin, 1180, Toulouse. It was built of brick. Its multi-apsed ambulatory is strikingly articulated on the exterior. The octagonal tower was built mainly during the Gothic era.

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