The Bisnovat 5 (Бисноват 5) was a supersonic research aircraft designed in the USSR in the late 1940s, inspired by the German DFS 346 aircraft that was captured by Soviet troops towards the end of World War II.
Pilots Tatyana Makarova (1920-1944) and Vera Beljik (1921-1944) both fought and died during their service with the 588th Night Bomber Regiment. Both were awarded the Heroine of the Soviet Union Star posthumusly.
Marina Raskova pleaded with Stalin to allow women to fly and fight to save the Motherland. Stalin gave permission for Raskova to form three regiments: the 586th, 587th, and 588th. She was the Amelia Earhart of the Soviet Union.