In the Middle East and North Africa, the once powerful civilizations of Byzantium and the Abbasids had crumbled. The Byzantine Empire was pressed by Ottoman Turks; Constantinople fell in 1453. The Abbasids were destroyed by the Mongols in 1258.
Above is a Political map of the Middle East. At least 12 Arab states have signed nuclear cooperation agreement since Iran’s nuclear program has become public. Some believe that if Iran obtains a nuclear weapon, then they will soon follow.
The name "Ohio" originated from Iroquois word ohi-yo’, meaning "great river" or "large creek". The state, originally partitioned from the Northwest Territory, was admitted to the Union as the 17th state (and the first under the Northwest Ordinance) on March 1, 1803.