W.W. II, The Bataan Death March was a tragedy of epic proportions with 76,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war forcibly transferred, on foot, by the Imperial Japanese Army to Bataan. Even as the American and Filipino troops repelled the Japanese for several months, they were forced to retreat to wait for supplies and reinforcements. But the Japanese had cut off all routes to the Philippines, preventing a rescue by U.S. Military and the troops were forced to surrender on April 4, 1942.
An American university student waits for final instructions before taking a picture of the group who visited Camp O' Donnell in Tarlac where thousands of Filipino and American soldiers were held in detention immediately after the Fall of Bataan. (Bernard Testa, InterAksyon)
The Bataan Death March (1942) was the forcible transfer, by the Imperial Japanese Army, of 60,000 Filipino and 15,000 American prisoners of war after the three-month Battle of Bataan in the Philippines during World War II. All told, approximately 2,500–10,000 Filipino and 300–650 American prisoners of war died before they could reach Camp O'Donnell.
The man in charge and responsible for the Bataan Death March was Japan's General Homma Masaharu. Or so the American military commission found. Homma had surrendered in Tokyo on September 14, 1945, was tried at Manila, convicted, and executed via firing squad at Los Baños, Luzon, the Philippines, on April 3, 1946.