19th century cranium with caries sicca caused by the gummatous lesions of syphilis. This is an extreme example of tertiary syphilis (neurosyphilis). Pitted lesions erode, heal and scar over many years and infection of the brain and other parts of the body along with advanced dementia would have also occurred.
On August 24, 79 AD, Mount Vesuvius erupted and destroyed the ancient cities of Pompeii, Stabiae and Herculaneum—one of Europe's most catastrophic volcanic eruptions to date. Today, two million people live in the vicinity of Mount Vesuvius, and the volcano is still active. Watch this clip of workers in the 1930s excavating Herculaneum, Pompeii's sister city: https://curiosity.com/video/the-city-that-vanished-1932-british-pathe/?utm_source=pinterest&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=082414pin