Armenian Women from Kars, Turkey. For a brief period of time, Kars served as the capital of the medieval Bagratid Kingdom of Armenia. During World War I, the Ottomans took control of the city in 1918, but were forced to relinquish it to the First Republic of Armenia following the Armistice of Mudros. During the Turkish–Armenian War in late 1920, Turkish revolutionaries captured Kars for the last time.
Cross-stones at The monastery of Geghard, Armenia, by Suren Manvelyan. The rock-faces over the whole area bear elaborate crosses (khatchkar) carved in relief. There are many often richly ornamented khachkars cut on rock surfaces and on the walls of the structures or put up on the grounds of Geghard in memory of a deceased or in commemoration of someone’s donation to the monastery.