William Drew Robeson I (July 27, 1844 - May 17,1918) was the father of Paul Robeson and the minister of Witherspoon Church in Princeton, New Jersey. He escaped slavery and earned undergraduate and theology degrees from historically black Lincoln University in Pennsylvania. He was the father of Paul Robeson
Claudette Colvin. Another unsung Pioneer in Civil Rights, refusing to give up from her seat on a segregated bus 9 months before Rosa Parks would do so. Only 15 years old, she was arrested. Her case, part of Browder v. Gayle went all the way to the US Supreme Court that declared in 1956 that segregation on Public Transportation was unconstitutional. Her low profile and arrest made it difficult for her gain employment. Again she was only 15 years old. Children can be so brave where we can't.
Harold K. Hoskins, Sr. (1927-2012) was an American pilot and Tuskegee Airman who was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 2007. In 1945, he joined the U.S. Army at the age of 18 and learned to fly at Alabama's Tuskegee Air Field. In 1971, he retired as a U.S. Air Force lieutenant colonel after logging 9500 flight hours. Hoskins later became assistant vice president of student affairs at California State University at Hayward.
On September 1, 1869 Robert Tanner Freeman (1846-1873) became the first African American graduate of Harvard School of Dental Medicine. He was born to formerly enslaved parents in Washington DC and was an apprentice to Henry Bliss Noble, a local white dentist. After graduation Dr Freeman returned to DC where he mentored African American youth pursuing medical careers before his untimely death four years later from "a water-borne disease". #TodayInBlackHistory
Maggie L. Walker, civil rights activist and trailblazing entrepreneur. The beloved African American community leader devoted her life to defeating racism, sexism, and economic oppression. Mrs. Walker chartered a bank, a newspaper, and a store 17 years before American women had the right to vote, and fostered black entrepreneurialism when Jim Crow laws threatened African American progress. Born in Richmond, VA, she was the first woman in the U.S. to found a bank and serve as its…
Musician and composer Edmund Dede was born on Nov. 20, 1827 in New Orleans, Louisiana. His parents were free Creoles of color who moved to New Orleans from the French West Indies.In 1851 he wrote “Mon Pauvre Coeur” (My Poor Heart), which is considered the oldest piece of sheet music published by a New Orleans free Creole of color.