Viburnum, Bailey Compact (trilobum 'Bailey Compact') American Cranberry Bush. This low-key, trustworthy shrub is perfect for the back of the border, where its dense form will create a nice backdrop for showier summer plants. Come fall, however, it stands out with deep burgundy foliage and large, bright red berries. Birds don't like the fruit, so the berries often persist well into winter. 5-6' x 5-6'
Carrion Flower Berries (Smilax Herbacea) in Ontario. Edible berries remain on plant throughout winter. Young shoots/leaves edible raw. Tuber can be roasted, ground into flour. Plant is a thornless climbing vine or tangled bush. Flowers smell bad with rotten odour.
Black cottonwood / Balsam poplar leaves - First Nations people used the resin from buds to treat sore throats, coughs, lung pain and rheumatism. An ointment, called balm of Gilead, was made from the winter buds of balsam poplar to relieve congestion.