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February 1910. Addie Card, 12 years old, anemic little spinner in North Pownal Cotton Mill, Vermont. Girls in mill say she is ten years. She admitted to me she was twelve; that she started during school vacation and would "stay." by Lewis Wickes Hine. "It always amazes me to see kids working without shoes in factories where you would not dare to enter without workboots nowadays... how times change. I can't imagine not having shoes in a place like Vermont where it's warm only 3-4 months a…

U.S. A ten year old spinner in a cotton mill. North Pownal, Vermont, February 1910. // Photo: Lewis Wickes Hine.

August 1910. Every one of these was working in the cotton mill at North Pownal, Vermont. I see some creepy things in the back!

Spinner in a New England cotton mill, North Pownal, Vermont, 1910 - from Kids at Work - Lewis Hine and the Crusade Against Child Labor by Russell Freedman


Tracking Down Lewis Hine's Forgotten Child Laborers

<b><a href="">Addie Card, spinner in cotton mill, 12 years old, North Pownal, Vermont, 1910.</a></b> <br><br> "anemic little spinner in North Pownal Cotton Mill." —Hine's original caption<br><br> “She told me about how hard it was working in the mill, that she had to quit school in the fourth grade to go to work, about her father disowning her, and how it was so awful not to have your parents' love.” —Great-Granddaughter of Addie Card

Counting on Grace, a novel by Williamstown, MA author Elizabeth Winthrop. The book is about a twelve-year-old girl named Grace Forcier who is forced to leave school to work as a bobbin doffer in a cotton mill in North Pownal, VT. The story is written through the voice of Grace. With the help of their teacher, Grace and her friend, Arthur, write a letter to the National Child Labor Committee.

+~+~ Antique Photograph ~+~+ Children forced to grow up much too soon shucking Oysters. 1912. Nine of them from 8 years old up go to school half a day, and shuck oysters for four hours before school and three hours after school on school days, and on Saturday from 4 A.M. to early afternoon. Photograph by Lewis Hine.