Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (1880 - 1962). Queen of the Netherlands from 1890 until she abdicated in 1948. Her reign saw both World Wars, the economic crisis of 1933, and the decline of the Netherlands as a major colonial power. If she had not abdicated her reign would have been the longest by a female monarch in history, and the second longest for any monarch, behind the reign of Louis XIV of France. She married Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and had one daughter.