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Concentrated Nazi war criminality: During a break of the Nuremberg proceedings, Kaltenbrunner (pointing) talks to Seyss-Inquart, while Rosenberg (sitting left) and Hans Frank (dark glasses) look at the camera. All four were hanged in Oct 1946.

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed by electric chair in Ossining, New York on this date in 1953, despite worldwide appeals for clemency. Their two-year trial for conspiracy to commit atomic espionage on behalf of the USSR was a media sensation that heightened both American anti-communism and the fear and paranoia of American communists — some third of whom were Jewish, like the Rosenbergs — to fever pitch. June 20

American communists Ethel and Julius Rosenberg were convicted in 1951 for providing information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. The couple were put to death in the electric chair in 1953 following an outcry of public support that continues to this day.

Rosenberg and his wife, Ethel, remain the only two civilians ever executed in American history for the crime of treason. While life imprisonment would have sufficed for Julius, and Ethel probably was almost not guilty and deserved at most a year in prison, Julius can, in truth, be largely blamed for the length of the Cold War.

***TODAY IN HISTORY*** Jun 19, 1953: Rosenbergs executed On this day in 1953, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, who were convicted of conspiring to pass U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviets, are executed at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, New York. Both refused to admit any wrongdoing and proclaimed their innocence right up to the time of their deaths, by the electric chair. The Rosenbergs were the first U.S. citizens to be convicted and executed for espionage.

Missing diary of Hitler confidant which 'sheds new light on the Third Reich' is discovered in New York 70 years after disappearing at the Nuremberg trials

nuremberg trials | ... in New York 70 years after disappearing at the Nuremberg trials