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1942 WWII Warplane Identification Chart, German and British Air Force

British-made De Havilland Vampire was the first fighter plane to exceed 500mph, and the first to takeoff and land on an aircraft carrier (in 1945).

The Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft that was used by the RAF and many other Allied countries throughout WWII. The Spitfire's elliptical wing had a thin cross-section, allowing a higher top speed than several contemporary fighters, including the Hawker Hurricane. Speed was seen as essential to carry out the mission of home defence against enemy bombers.