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By 1887 and the reign of King David Kalakaua, a fragile and friendly Hawaiian monarchy seemed ready to fall. Over the previous century, waves of Protestant missionaries and Anglo-American exiles

King Kalakaua, the restorer of Hawaiian Heritage & Culture: King Kalakaua was Hawaii’s last reigning king. He was elected to power in 1874, and ruled Hawaii for 16 years until his death in 1891. Known as “The Merrie Monarch” Kalakaua revived elements of Hawaiian culture which had nearly been forgotten. These included the ancient Hawaiian martial art of Lua and the dance of Hula.

Princess Miriam Likelike (13 Jan 1851-2 Feb 1887) Hawaii sister of King Kalakaua & Queen Liliuokalani. Child of High Chief Kepaakea & Big island Chiefess Analea Keohokalole. She married 1870 Scottish horticulturist Archibald Scott Cleghorn when she was age 19 & he was age 35. She was the mother of 1 child Princess Kaiulani (16 Oct 1875-6 Mar 1899) Hawaii. When her brother David Kalakaua became King in 1874 Miriam became Princess. Photo Credit: Hawaii State Archives.

Liliuokalani, the first and only reigning Hawaiian queen and the last Hawaiian sovereign to govern the islands, which were annexed by the United States in 1898. by Pan-African News Wire File Photos, via Flickr