by Michael K. Kellogg This engaging survey of important works from late antiquity to the beginning of the Renaissance reveals the depth of thought and the diversity of expression that characterized the Middle Ages. Michael Kellogg demonstrates that medieval thought owes far more to ancient philosophy than is generally supposed; that poets of this era were as sophisticated and nuanced as their ancient counterparts; and that writers ...
Plotinus (Lycopolis, 204) was a major philosopher of the Platonic tradition during the ancient world. In his philosophy there are three principles: the One, the Intellect, and the Soul. Historians of the 19th century invented the term Neoplatonism and applied it to him and his philosophy which was influential in Late Antiquity. His metaphysical writings have inspired centuries of Pagan, Christian, Jewish, Islamic and Gnostic metaphysicians and mystics.
This exquisite model of the eye dates from the late eighteenth century and was used in the Department of Natural Philosophy at the University of Aberdeen for teaching optics. The lens at the front and a screen at the rear display the upside-down image as it appears on the retina of a real eye.
Terracotta head of Dionysus Dionysus was the Greek god of wine and pleasure, in the Greek and Roman Period (in roman he is known as Bacchus) he was immensly popular. On the gods head we can see grapes and his beard has typically Greek curls. Greek or Roman, Late Hellenistic or early republican Period, around 1st century BC. Source: Metropolitan Museum