Aboriginal Australians were the first to document stars in the southern hemisphere. Some are still using the stars to guide hunting and food gathering, and as a source of moral instruction passed down through oral history. (Ong
Indigenous constellations - Barnaby Norris What they found was remarkable… the emu aligns to her image in the night sky at the time of year that emu eggs are ready to be collected (late May and early June, Figure 4). Emu eggs were an important food source for Aboriginal people, and the engraving features an egg within the emu herself. The image won Barnaby Norris a Eureka prize and has become the definitive symbol for Aboriginal Astronomy today.
A new study of Aboriginal astronomy has found that Australia's first people viewed comets as portents of doom. Aboriginal societies typically associated comets with fear, death, omens of sickness, malevolent spirits and evil magic, which is consistent with many other cultures around the world."
The Emu In the Sky Constellation: Australian Aboriginal Astronomy