Corporal Benjamin Roberts-Smith VC, awarded the Victoria Cross, Australia's highest military honour, for his service in Afghanistan. On 11 June 2010, as part of a Special Operations Task Group, Cpl Roberts-Smith exposed his own position to draw fire away from his patrol, storming the enemy position, allowing his patrol to lift the weight of fire from other Australian troops. Also awarded the Medal for Gallantry and is the most highly decorated serving member of the Australian Defence Force.
Two Australian soldiers cool off in a stream after a patrol in the Wonginara area of New Guinea (in the Torricelli mountains inland from Dagua). Signalman H Hobson pours a hatful of water over Private L Thwaites of 2/3 Australian Infantry Battalion. While the Americans were liberating the Philippines, the Australians faced thousands of Japanese holding out in New Guinea, the Solomons and New Britain.
Australian soldiers wearing respirator gas masks during WWI. While under chlorine gas attacks, soldiers were instructed to urinate on their masks in order to more effectively combat the gas. However if for some reason they did not have a mask on hand, they were told to urinate on a piece of cloth and cover their face in it. Water also worked but was less effective. Ypres, Belgium - September 27, 1917.